Without wild animals, birds, and plants our environment can be vacuous. The main aim of our Indian country is to protect our wild animals, birds, and plants for the future. Our Indian government aims to form wildlife laws act [The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972] on 9th September 1972 which can protect our wildlife. This act extends all over India except Jammu and Kashmir. The word “animal” in this act includes animals, reptiles, mammals, amphibians, birds, their younger ones, and also their eggs. Many people in India know that there is an act or law on wildlife protection but they don’t know about laws in detail in India for wildlife protection. After knowing about these acts many people tried to hunt wild animals which is an offense under this act.
There is a restriction to picking up plants or cutting trees that are notified by the government under this act. Also in wildlife sanctuary harming or teasing to the birds is an offense. Under the act, the word ‘hunting’ means killing, capturing, poisoning, injuring, etc. is incurred. In Act, the word ‘wildlife’ includes animals such as butterflies, bees, animals, birds, crustaceans, fish, moths, aquatic, and land vegetation. Also, there is a prohibition on an entry in sanctuaries with a weapon and there is a ban on using a substance that can injure anyone. It is mentioned that no zoo shall transfer any animal except previous permission taken by an authority.
Nowadays, in social media, many videos are trending in which peoples are harming and teasing animals to try to play with their life in some videos. Many people are trying to kill animals now. one video is in trend in which some people played with the life of a pregnant elephant and she died! In that case, some locals give her a pineapple filled with firecrackers which make a blast in her mouth and she walks in pain for a day. No person has been arrested after this incident came in front of the district of Kerala’s name Palakkad.
This incident caused the death of an elephant and her child also. This is such a painful situation, she suffered from lots of outrage and traumas, a strong action causing in her body which anyone could imagine. This incident came in front after the forest officer spoke on a social media platform. This is an offense under this act. The forest officer must take action on behalf of peoples who have done this.
I would like to request that all of the people who are playing with animals, birds, plants would always think about themselves before doing those things with others. Lots of pain and outrage they have to face when they go through this situation you can’t imagine the pain they have to go through. BJD MP Anubhav Mohanty moves SC against encouraging the hunting of wild animals. The petition filed by Mohanty was in response to the death of animals and their children after the use of the heinous practice, the use of bombs to harm them or poison baits, etc.
One more video I got on social media in which a girl and maybe a boy teasing a small kitten which is such a small baby kitten in which she is standing on her legs and kicking her with her legs which is so rude behavior of that girl. I can’t understand what these people get by doing those things or by harming the animals because they are weak or because they aren’t able to speak? Is it okay I just want everyone who is an Indian please try to give them punishment why do this kind of thing or things which can harm animals? If animals are not harming us, why do these people do it?
Also, I saw many people throw grains outside their doors for the birds after they started eating grains. They always try to harm them by tying thread on one leg to another leg and leave them because of which they can’t fly, stand and walk and also they get harm by it when their blood comes out. It is so painful that people use to do it many times, I also try to call pigeons by throwing grains outside my home to try to solve their problems of the pigeons whose legs are tied or have any problem which I can seek out.
Many peoples are non-vegetarian in India they use to eat the meat of various kinds of animals but eating the meat of cow is a crime because in Indian culture cow is called as “ma” and peoples which are not Hindus and use to eat the meat of cows they must be punished by an Indian people also by the law in India.
How to protect wild animals, plants, and birds in India?
- Adopt animals from wild places
- Volunteer: if you don’t have money to give, donate, give them a time
- Visit zoos, aquariums, national parks, and wildlife refuges are all home to wild animals.
- Speak up
- Buy responsibility
- Pitch in
In today’s situation of coronavirus pandemic, many people are staying at home and studying from home which is a very nice situation for animals. In which they are feeling free outside and there are many people who are at home because of which the pollution level of all countries has become less. That’s the reason there are no vehicles outside. They can feel free and can roam here and there outside. Prior to the situation of lockdown, we cannot be able to find birds outside but now we can be able to see the birds and also we can see peacocks and various kinds of beautiful birds in many cities. We are able to see peacocks on the road and dancing in the rain which is such a beautiful scene you saw in your whole life I think.
It is the scene for which many people dream attached to it. In today’s pandemic, many people are at home because of which here the level of pollution in the country is low. And that’s the reason the lakes, rivers, dams  and various public spots and places are clean, water is clean which is such beautiful news for all peoples, the nature looks so beautiful when there is no pollution in the country.
Situation of Mumbai
In the past, various news came in front of Marine Drive. Its a famous public spot in Mumbai, which threw tons of garbage out of it in the last monsoon. The Juhu beach in Mumbai is so clean which has not been seen clean for the past 20 years. Many people say that every year sea throws tons of garbage out of the sea. This is a heartbreaking situation but now the situation is under control. Now the sea has thrown so less garbage as compared to all other years. From the past 20 years, the sea has not been seen as clean as it is now.
Also, the marine drive which is also a famous spot in Mumbai there also tons of garbage has been thrown out by high tide in the sea in the last year. Also, it throws tons of garbage outside. Many animals are starting roaming out on roads and other places which is good news. Different kinds of animals are seen in this pandemic. The one positive thing that happened in this pandemic is the low level of pollution. The pollution gets low in this pandemic which is so great news. Also, the ozone layer which is said that there is a hole in the ozone layer, now it is covered at the maximum level.
Sanctuary or national parks the level of punishment and the penalty has also been enhanced. Also, there is imprisonment for a minimum of three years. It may extend to seven years in the minimum level of fine is rupees 10,000/-. Also, on harming nature, there is a term of imprisonment it should be not less than three years. But it can be extended till seven years with a minimum of fine of rupees 25,000/-
Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
A new section has been inserted in the act. It can make certain conditions that can be applied while granting bail to the accused person. When any person is accused of the commission of any offense or the crime relating to the schedule 1 and the schedule 2 of the said act which is related to the hunting inside of national parks or wildlife sanctuaries of altering the boundaries of such parks and sanctuaries is arrested under the provision of the said act. And the person under the (CrPC) Code of Criminal Procedure Act,1973 has no such person who has been previously convicted of an offense under this act shall be released on the bail.
Also, I saw many people who continuously try to harm animals. It is the scene for which many people dream attached to it. In today’s pandemic, many people are at home. Because of this, the level of pollution in the country is low. It is so painful that people use to do it many times. I also try to call pigeons by throwing grains outside my home. Try to solve the problems of the pigeons whose legs are tied or have any problem which I can seek out.
Many people in India know that there is an act or law on wildlife protection. But they don’t know about laws in detail in India for wildlife protection. After knowing about these acts many people tried to hunt wild animals which is an offense under this act. Is it okay I just want everyone who is an Indian please try to give them punishment why do this kind of thing or things which can harm animals?
Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
The Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for the protection of plants and animal species. Before 1972, India had only five designated national parks. Among other reforms, the Act established  schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. The Wildlife Act was passed in 1972 to protect wildlife and their habitats. The habitat destruction due to agriculture, industries, urbanization, and other human activities had led to the erosion of the country’s wildlife. The animals which are domestic are so kind to humans if they give love to them love is very important for animals. If we give love to them then they also live with us and be kind to us. This is the thing that humans should give to an animal.
The animals are the gift of God to the earth, to nature. Without animals nature must be vacuous, it seems vacuous. They are the living creatures on earth and I think we should save them, help them, and feed them. The animals, birds, plants are very important for human beings. Many people kill tiger, lions, and with the help of their make various products. Which is not a good thing we must save them. Nowadays the population of tigers in India is getting low day by day! Which can make their absence in the future if we do not take care of them now. The reason why the analysis of wildlife conservation laws in India is because many people don’t know about the laws on wildlife in India which is important to make them understand it in detail.
These laws can punish them if they do harm to any animal, bird, and plant. These all are living creatures of the earth if we destroy them it is totally going to destroy us. You can imagine if we cut all the trees we cannot take a breath. Which is very important for our body. If we destroy animals we cannot eat meat and also they are the reason to protect us. If we gave them a small amount of love. I think we must save animals, save plants, and save birds for our future generations.
Author: Mansi Kailas Deore | University of Mumbai Law Academy, Mumbai