Humans have a core or pure essence of heart since from the time of their birth. They focus and trigger values, etiquette, priorities but these are fluctuating in nature and automatically change with time. What never fluctuates are the birthrights of every human, which are termed as Human Rights.
“Before becoming a Muslim, a Sikh, a Hindu, or a Christian, let’s become a good human first”.
-Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Human rights set guidelines for every person to live with dignity, equality, justice, and peace. Every person is born with these rights. Such rights give immense independence to a person take his/her own stand in society. These rights even nurture the knowledge of a person with moral principles and limitations that apply to everyone. In India, Part III of the Constitution guarantees these rights in the form of Fundamental Rights. Human rights put an end to the distinction of any sort, such as race, sex, language, caste, colour, political or other opinions, property, birth, or another status.
“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”
The violation against humans, in the mid of 1930s and 1940s, united the world to ensure that the act of barbarity which took place against humans during the II world war, would never permit to take place again. Where the face of cruelty was at its peak:
- Inspired by the racist ideology, Nazis killed millions of innocent. Out of these victims, six million were Jews, around five hundred thousand LGBT+ community people.
- At that time Germany was under Adolf Hitler and Nazis, and when Nazis took the sword, they harassed the Jews and frightened them for money and possessions.
- The initial of WWII led to mass killing. As a part of Hitler’s, ‘final solution’ Nazis summoned Jews comprising of other opposition groups in concentration camps. Camp prisoners often suffered beating, hunger, there were several types of torture. Moreover, the doctors and paramedical staff used to examine various brutal experiments. In a laymen term, the life of humans was similar to hell.
Impact on Human Rights Post World War II
This led to the Nazis facing defeat against the Allied Forces in World War II. After seeing such atrocities, 50 states united across the globe took steps to ensure minimum standard levels of dignity to all humans. The states made an effort to safeguard its people from such heinous acts in the future.
After the Second world war, the human rights movement and the events of the Shoah came to climax. This led to the adoption of, ‘UDHR’ (Universal Declaration of Human Rights) in the United Nation general assembly in 1948. The 50 member states belted together and made a list of certain rights that all humans should enjoy across the globe. In conclusion, to which, there are 30 articles in the declaration of Human Rights for every person on this planet. However, the rest of the articles declares the right to asylum, free speech and education, and the right to freedom from torture.
Human Rights in India
In India, the ‘PHRA’,1993 accounted for, ‘NHRC’, (National Human Rights Commission) a statutory body in the month of October 1993 as well. The NHRC functions various duties and responsibilities mandated by Protection of Human Right Act (PHRC), such as to exercise, tackle and encourage investigations in the field of human rights, to go through treaties and other international instruments on human rights and advice for convincing implementation, vesting jail cells and study condition of prisoners.
- The National Human Rights Commission, yesterday on 11th June 2020 studies for better communication measures required for the patients and attendants at LNJP Hospital, Delhi.
- The National Human Rights Commission, on 10th June 2020 notices the Union Health Ministry and the Government of Delhi against serious objections regarding non-availability of beds, improper methods of Covid-19 tests, delay in the last rites of Covid-19 deads.
Human Rights as a part of International Laws
Human rights form a part of international laws which comprises of declarations and treaties. This provides a backbone to the country’s rights that a state can uphold. These rights of a person are guaranteed under the eye of law and ensure fair and just decisions. As mentioned they are set on equal margins and will treat everyone equally. However, its characteristics specify Universal, inalienability. Somehow, the system itself manages to violate individual rights:
- In the year 2015, the government called off the registration of a couple of civil society organizations. This especially breaks them from foreign funding and was done in spite of the claim made by the UN. UN clearly stated that it is not in accordance with international law.
- Hundreds of people died in the protest made in Jammu and Kashmir, hundreds were blinded by the pellet guns of police. Moreover, a human rights defender was stopped and detained while he had to travel for a Human rights session which was being conducted in Geneva.
- Prison status in the year 2017, was nearly life-threatening, as per the study of NHRC. The lack of sanitary, medical care and over-crowding notably lead to inadequate cells. Thereby, again leading to the violation of human rights.
Witnessing the violation of such human right in other countries tells us to brace ourselves too. It is our duty to make others aware of the various measures which can help to escape. Fortunately, resulting in zero percentage of violence. It is necessary to spread awareness regarding certain measures and disciplines like the knowledge of human rights commissions, how we can lodge complain regarding any human rights violation, and also of the local state human rights commissions plus various federal agencies.
“When you know your worth. No one can make you feel worthless”.