“Any young man, who makes dowry a condition to marriage, discredits his education and his country and dishonors womanhood”.

Mahatma Gandhi

 The grotesquely savage dowry system is a prominent vice that exists in Pakistan and India as well as other underdeveloped countries of South Asia. It is a deed of prejudice toward single girls.  Their values are defined based on the amounts of their corresponding dowries. It is not only a prototype of gluttony and greed, selfishness, and is an all-embracing scourge. As notably seen among the parents who belong to the weaker lower middle class. That’s the fallacious human reason why somebody becomes depressed. They consider themselves as doomed at the delivery of a daughter. The dowry system should be banned in all regions not just in South Asia.


Presence of dowry in Pakistan and India


The dowry system has so profoundly invaded Pakistani and Indian. Old, complex civilizations that seldom we concede that there is neither way out – at least not for another century. Yet present, modern and well-educated families start accumulating wealth for their daughter’s dowry. So what can we expect from the crude sections? Whose only manner of learning is wretched, inhuman custom. And, if the squabbles for dowry are not met, the long-suffering, beautiful bride is subjected to agony. And, they often even face wanton, unprecedented, and inhuman murder. 

The long-suffering, People from a very ordinary family when necessitated dowry for their girls at marriage, they commit themselves in pleading. Even though they lose their self-respect, they beg from one shop to another. 

Our incomparably ignorant women become psychologically swayed since they could not match the expense of dowry and she is frequently bothered by her in-laws. 


Impact of Dowry System


Because of the dowry system, neither the affected people get wedded their daughters nor desist them at their place. Besides, their life is fleeting too. To circumvent disappointment and gloom, they suicide themselves. 

To face the call of dowry some lower-class family daughters strive to obtain money from wrong and unscrupulous access.

If we discourse in terms of Law in different nations we will collect some unusual and eye-opening facts.


Presence of Dowry in Great Britain


Even when we look at the current situation of women in Great Britain we find that they have been suppressed. They are often burnt, scalped, and confined in their homes in conflicts with their in-laws. This exploitation has been called “Dowry violence“.

The centuries-old practice of providing dowry is still prevalent in different parts of the world. These include South Asia, the Middle East, parts of Africa, and in some areas in Britain.

On the other hand, many of the subsequent countries have enforced laws. They have banned dowry because of the death rate to women.


Steps were taken by India to Prevent Dowry


In India, dowry was banned in 1961 under the Dowry Prohibition Act.

Pakistan has passed five different laws that consider dowry illegal. The first one was implemented in 1964 and the most recent one in 2008.

Nepal made Dowry illegal in 2009, with the Social Customs and Practices Act which outlawed dowry.

Kenya’s Marriage Bill, implemented in 2012, condemns any dowry.

But when we look at the current situation of suicides and murders that take place because of dowry, India has a shocking tendency that observes 20 women die in a day as a consequence of 4 aggravations because of perpetual dowry insistence– either they are brutally murdered, or obliged to do suicide. 

The dowry system is still an alarming reality. A woman’s life is assessed roughly around the bulk of gold she conveys as dowry to her in-laws and to the future hubby as well. Matters like these are in initial need to be addressed again and again.

The payment of dowry has long been prohibited under specific Indian laws including the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, and subsequently by Sections 304B and 498A of the Indian Penal Code.


The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961


The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961, defines dowry in the following words: “Dowry means any property or valuable security given or agreed to be given either directly or indirectly – (a) by one party in a marriage to the other party in marriage; or (b) by the parents of either party to a marriage or by any other person to either party to a marriage or any other persons; at or before or after the marriage as consideration for the marriage of the said parties, but does not include dower or mahr in the case of persons to whom the Muslim Personal law applies”

The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 article 3 declares that the penalty for giving or taking dowry does not apply to gifts which are given at the time of a marriage to the bride or bridegroom when no request for them has been done.


Final Thoughts


Although Indian laws against dowries have been in effect for decades, they have been broadly probed as being worthless. The practice of dowry deaths and homicides advances to take place unchecked in many sectors of India and this has further added to the concerns of enforcement.

Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code required the bridegroom and his family to be automatically arrested if a wife accuses of dowry harassment. The law was widely abused in India and in 2014, the Supreme Court ruled that arrests can only be performed with a magistrate’s consent.

“An Eclipse stains both Moon and Sun”. The practice of the dowry is the most influential defect that blackens the virtue of this pious joining of two hearts. Multiple attempts are being executed to exterminate this but what should be fixed is that it should be the most vociferous roar of each personage. Someone ought to use definite actions and to make certain that dowry refusal laws act upon throughout the world.


Author: Fatima Hassan


  1. Awesome ….one of the best writing piece I ever went throug on the subject …. May Allah pak gives more strenght to your pen and broad your vision…..amen


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