tobacco

Tobacco kills. This is known for years. It is a mass killer. Tobacco smoking is the largest cause of preventable death and illness.

“Smoking kills more than 13 people per hour. “

Lighting a cigarette not only ignites the cigarette but, also consumes your body. It is heart-wrenching to see a person being burnt alive. Then, why are you smoking out your life? This is nothing less than suicide.

WHO Chief Margaret Chan said in a statement.

“Tobacco exacerbates poverty, reduces economic productivity, contributes to poor household food choices, and pollutes indoor air”

Different Forms of Tobacco

Each individual should be able to recognize different forms of tobacco available. These include an array of new products which you might not know:

  • Cigarettes
  • Cigar
  • Bidis
  • Cigarillos
  • Dissolvable tobacco
  • Vape
  • Hookahs
  • Kreteks
  • Gutka
  • Naswar
  • Iqmik
  • Chewing tobacco
  • Moist snuff
  • Shisha
  • Narghile
  • Argileh
  • Water Pipes

There is no safe form of tobacco. All these products contain extremely dangerous nicotine.

How Does Tobacco kills?

  • Tobacco smoke contains more than 70 chemicals that can be carcinogenic.
  • These potent carcinogens bind to DNA. Changes in DNA of a cell may either kill it or induce genetic mutation thus resulting in a cancer cell.
  • Free Radicals in cigarette damages the blood vessels and oxidize the LDL. Oxidized LDL promotes the formation of atherosclerotic plaque.
  • Tobacco contains nicotine, which is explicitly expressed as strong and highly poisonous.
  • Smoking introduces nicotine and also the highly poisonous gas, carbon mono oxide into the lungs.
  • Nicotine acts as a receptor agonist at most nicotine acetylcholine receptors.
  • Nicotine causes increased secretion of adrenalin from adrenal glands into the bloodstream. On reaching the central nervous system, it stimulates the CNS, which raises blood pressure, heart rate, respiration rate, and a higher proportion of free fatty acids in the blood.
  • Nicotine is highly addictive, that makes cigarette smoking and tobacco consumption an addiction.

Effects on body

From beginning to finish, the tobacco life cycle is an overwhelmingly polluting and damaging process.

Research has shown that smoking damages nearly every organ of your body, from staining teeth to increasing the risk of cancer.

Circulation

Chemicals inhaled by smoking enter the blood and enhance blood clot formation. It increases blood pressure and heart load. It also damages the vessel wall.

Heart

Carbon mono oxide puts a strain on the heart and leads to a heart attack. Other complications include coronary artery disease and peripheral vascular disease.

Mouth and Throat

The risk of oral cancer associated with gutka and other tobacco products also rises. Staining of teeth and foul-smelling breath is also associated.

Lungs

A smoker’s lungs become grayish because the lungs are imbued with a gluey black sludge. This appears in the form of ‘smoker’s cough’.

Smoking can multiply the risks of fatal disease such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases)

Infertility

Due to compromised blood supply to the penis, it causes impotence in male and also deflates the sperm count. In women, it can lead to cervical cancer. Smoking during pregnancy can also provoke miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature birth.

Brain

Smokers are more likely to suffer from a stroke than non-smokers, by increasing your chances of developing a brain aneurysm.

Environmental Hazard

WHO also highlighted the pollution generated during the production, transport, and distribution of tobacco products.

The report estimates that the industry emits nearly four million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent annually — the same as around three million transatlantic flights.

And waste from the process contains over 7,000 toxic chemicals that poison the environment, including human carcinogens, WHO said.

Moreover, the smoke of a lighted cigarette also threatens society.

WHO Figures

  1. There are 1.1 billion smokers in the world today, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). If the trend continues, that number is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by the year 2025.
  2. Tobacco kills up to half of its users.
  • Tobacco kills more than 8 million people each year.
  1. Out of this 1.2 million deaths are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.
  2. There is a decrease of 10 years in the life expectancy of a smoker.

Passive Smoking:

Also called second-hand smoke. It is the smoke that one takes in when sitting next to a person who is smoking. Therefore, smokers put their colleagues at the risk of second-hand smoke The fumes at the end of a lighted cigarette have more harmful substances than the smoke inhaled by the smoker. Passive smoking poses a threat to the whole society. Even if you are not a smoker, you are indirectly exposed to this smoke. This can also harm you in the same way it does to the smoker. It can even harm the babies in the womb.

Give Up Smoking

Unfortunately, despite increasing taxation on cigarettes and tobacco-related products, it is not able to deter smokers. Giving up smoking can be very daunting. A sudden withdrawal of smoking might be harmful. Tobacco users may need medical help to quit smoking. Beneficial health changes follow after cessation of smoking.

Smokers not only risk their lives but also are a threat to their near ones by polluting the surroundings. Even though most smokers know the consequences of smoking, still, they are not able to get rid of it. Say NO to tobacco and YES to life. Don’t make others suffer.


Author: Bareera Khalid

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